Therapeutic factors, such as instillation of hope, universality, imparting of information, altruism, the corrective recapitulation of the primary family group, development of socializing techniques, imitative behaviour, interpersonal learning, catharsis and existential factors, to name but a few are focused on.
These factors represent different parts of the change process; some refer to actual mechanisms of change, whereas others may be more accurately described as conditions of change. At its core, therapy is a deeply human experience, and, consequently, there are an infinite number of pathways through the therapeutic process. Thus, to hypothesize as to the success, degree-, intensity- and sustainability of change during and following the therapeutic process is virtually impossible.
However, possible indicators of therapeutic success/progress are:
- – Level of commitment,
- – Insight,
- – Acceptance of the process,
- – Challenging entrenched defence mechanisms
- – and so forth.
The therapeutic process is facilitated by various therapeutic techniques employed by the Clinical Psychologist enabling the individual to grow. Thus, the individual obtains a greater understanding of his or her own problems as well as intrinsic ways and coping with these in future. The ultimate goal is a self-supporting and “coping” individual free from most debilitating “crutches”.